Amid rising Sudden deaths/Heart attacks in Valley, DAK Sounds ALERT,

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Advises sleuth of preventive measures

January, 13th

Doctors Association Kashmir (DAK) in a communique has expressed
serious concern over the rising deaths due to sudden heart attacks in
Kashmir valley.Lately we are witnessing many such deaths especially since
past few months in which more than 50 people have lost their lives.Majority of these type of deaths have occurred in the young and many
have died on the way and could not reach even to the hospital.

DAK president, Dr Suhail Naik said,” increase number of these deaths
among young generation is really a matter of concern for everyone of
us in medical community and general masses. Precious lives need to be
saved from these sudden cardiac events”.

Dr Fayaz Bhat,a noted Physician specialist and internist,is
also a spokesperson of DAK expressed his serious concerns about this
consistent increase in the cases of deaths due to sudden heart attacks
. He said,”It demands immediate attention so that many lives at risk
can be saved by timely awareness programmes , preventive and
diagnostic interventions.As a matter of past experience we are
witnessing that the mean age for heart attacks has decreased by a
decade or more especially in developing countries. The major reason
behind such heart attacks is the blockages caused in the arteries of
the heart, thus obstructing the regular flow of blood, thereby leading
to sudden cardiac arrest. Though all the instances of heart attacks
that have been recurring in the younger population are not primarily
due to the blockages in the heart, therefore other psychiatric or
emotional factors might be more prevalent than we think”.

Dr Bhat further added that, “Previously elderly patients or people
above fifty years of age used to get heart attacks especially the
ones with multiple risk factors like diabetes, hypertension , obesity
and dyslipidemia but now we are seeing that one third of heart attack
patients are young which is really a matter of concern. Excessive smoking
especially in young people living with stressful life and depression
because of psychosocial reasons or financial problems and family
disputes has markedly contributed in these type of deaths. Obesity also plays a major role,Sedentary lifestyle with intake of high energy foods rich in bad
cholesterol makes situation more worse . In addition to this rising
drug addiction of substances like heroin, amphetamines and marijuana
among our youth is one the important contributing factor for young
heart attacks and sudden deaths”.

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“Besides this young people including athletes with family history of
cardiac ailments like premature coronary artery diseases and
cardiomyopathies like HCM are also at risk” Dr Bhat further said.

Preventive measures which are needed include :

1.life style modification and complete cessation of smoking.

  1. Refraining from any drug or substance abuse .
  2. Reducing salt intake if your blood pressure is on higher side.
  3. Reducing weight if one is obese or overweight with regular exercise.
  4. Encouraging intake of healthy foods with plenty of fruits and
    vegetables especially green leafy.
  5. Reducing intake of oils and non-vegetarians foods especially rich
    in saturated fats.
  6. Avoid unnecessary exposure to cold during winters especially in
    early morning hours .
  7. Those with family history of cardiac disease or with history of
    sudden death in family should consult Doctors for proper evaluation.

General Secretary DAK, Dr Owais H Dar further said that, “ the number
of patients with central obesity and fatty liver disease has
drastically gone up in Kashmir after Covid-19 lockdown as it led to
the sedentary life styles as people were not able to leave their homes
and couldn’t do regular exercises thereby further aggravating the
problem.

DAK advised a slew of measures which need to be implemented starting
from establishment of Dedicated cardiac care centers (CCU’s) which is
need of the hour at every district hospital and in new medical
colleges with augmentation in terms of modern diagnostic modalities
like echocardiography machines , TMT and Holter. Staff should be fully
trained not only to do timely thrombolysis with better thrombolytic
drugs but facilities for temporary pacing must also be available
before referring a patient to tertiary care hospital .

DAK futher urges Financial Commissioner Health and Medical Education
Department. Shri Atal Dullo to constitute an expert Committee
consisting of cardiologists and related experts so that causes of
these increased number of sudden deaths and Heart attacks can be
ascertained and preventive measures taken there of.

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